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Fables and folk tales

Sámi fables and folk tales often contain concepts originating from pre-Christian times.

A number of fables and folk tales have been collected from various Sámi areas. The most important source is Just Qvigstad’s four volume work “Lappiske Eventyr og Sagn”.

The Sámi stories are about noaidis (noaidi), the Chud (čuđit), animals, natural formations, offering sites, ghosts (jámiš), the Stallo (stállu), the Chakalaggs (čakalagat), spirits (háldit and gofihtar), outcasts (eáhparaš) and a number of other themes. Sámi folk tales are also constructed in a special way, which may be explained by there having been noaidiistic features in Sámi communities well into the 20th century.

Some tales give direct information about Sámi mythology in pre-Christian times, for example about the origin of mankind. You can read or listen to Sámi folk tales here.

Sources:
Originalmateriale etter Eliel Lagercrantz.

Friis, J.A., 1871: Lappisk mythologi, eventyr og folkesagn.
Qvigstad, Just, 1927-1929: Lappiske Eventyr og Sagn I-IV.
Strømsted, Finn, 1969: Nakkul og Lainit.
Pollan, Brita, 1997: Samiske Beretninger.
Birkeland, Kirsti, 2002: Staloer tror at månen er et bål (sørsamiske eventyr).
Olsen, Astrid og Vigdis Våvang, 2003: Samiske eventyr og sagn fra Russland.
More on Sámi epics and lyrics

 
Ceavccageađge/Transteinen i Mortensnes. Govva/Foto: Mihkku Solbakk