A number of sources show that women too could be noaidis.
Just like the male noaidis, the female noaidis could have different abilities and powers. Legends tell of female noaidis who could move islands. Others could bring bad weather or heal.
According to the missionary Hans Skanke, women used knives, axes, stones and belts to foretell the future or to contact gods and spirits. But several sources state that women also used drums.
This contradicts other sources which maintain that women were not supposed to touch the drum, nor go behind or into boaÅ¡Å¡u, the sacred part of the dwelling where the drum is kept. Neither should women travel along the same route as the drum until at least three days had passed.
This conflicting information is probably due to traditions and customs having varied from place to place and over the course of time.
Bäckman, Louise, 2003: Noajdens initiation, i Erikson, Jørgen: Samisk shamanism.
Lilienskiold, Hans H., 1998: Trolldom og ugudelighet i 1600-tallets Finnmark.
Lundmark, Bo, 1987: Rijkuo-Maja and Silbo-Gåmmoe “ towards the question of female shamanism in the Saami area, i Ahlbäck, Tore: Saami Religion.
Ottar 4,1997: Noaidier og trommer.
Pollan, Brita, 1993: Samiske sjamaner: Religion og helbredelse.
Rydving, Håkan, 2003: Traditionell nordsamisk religion omkring år 1700, i Sveen, Arvid: Mytisk landskap.
Noaiden i samisk tradisjon
Samisk mytologi og folkemedisin